German Colonies

From approximately 1860 until 1885, German interest in the Caroline Islands (in German, Karolinen) was limited primarily to mercantile firms seeking trade. In 1885, however, the German government moved to lay claim to Yap, in the western Carolines. This was met with fierce diplomatic opposition by the Spanish, who had traditionally controlled the area. Pope Leo XIII, acting as a mediator, awarded the islands to Spain, where they remained until the Spanish defeat during the Spanish-American war in 1898.

Following its defeat in 1898, Spain lost interest in its Pacific holdings. In 1899, Spain sold its holdings in the Carolines to Germany, who quickly incorporated them into the Protectorate of German New Guinea.

Post Offices in Karolinen included:

Angaur (18 February 1908 – 12 October 1914)
Palau (4 October 1907 – 8 October 1914)
Ponape (12 October 1899 – 7 October 1914)
Truk (1 May 1905 – 11 October 1914)
Yap (6 November 1899 – 7 October 1914)

With the outbreak of World War I, Karolinen quickly fell to Japanese forces. Ponape and Yap fell on 7 October 1914, followed by Palau, Truk, and Anguar over the next week.

Map of post offices — Google Earth

Physical Album Pages

Physical Album Pages
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Physical Album Pages

Physical Album Pages
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