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The GermanStamps.net Collection

Germany & Related Areas, 1872 – 1945

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Kiautschou

Tsingtau

In November 1897, two German missionaries were murdered by a mob in Shantung Province, China.  In response, German naval forces occupied the port city of Tsingtau, and the German government used the occupation to press the Chinese government for a long-term lease of the port and the surrounding area. In March 1898, Germany and China entered into a 99-year lease under which Germany would control both sides of the entrance to Kiautschou Bay, as well as the islands within. Around this leased territory would be a small neutral zone which would, in effect, also be under German control.

Tsingtau was the principle town of Kiautschou.  The first postal station in Tsingtau was a Naval Feldpost Office which opened 26 January 1898 during the initial German invasion.  The canceller for this station contained a misspelling — Tsintanfor instead of Tsintaufort — due to a printing error in the official records of the telegraph office.

The name used was corrected to Tsintau in March 1898, and then changed to Tsingtau in June 1900 to conform to the local pronunciation.  A total of 13 official cancels were usind in Tsingtau between 1898 and 1914. 

The Tsingtau Post Office closed on 6 November 1914, the day before the final German capitulation to Japanese forces.

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 12
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTANFORT MARINE-FELDPOST 1

Dates of Use:

  • 26 January 1898 to 12 March 1898

Notes:

  • Modified [Fr. 13 / ArGe TSINTANFORT 2] following the signing of the formal lease agreement, at which time the Marine-Feldpoststation was converted into a postal agency

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 13
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTANFORT 2

Dates of Use:

  • 12 March 1898 to 15 May 1898

Notes:

  • Modified from Fr. 12 / ArGe TSINTANFORT MARINE-FELDPOST 1 following the signing of the formal lease agreement, at which time the Marine-Feldpoststation was converted into a postal agency

  • Replaced in May 1898 to correct spelling to Tsintau from misspelled Tsintan(fort)

Tsingtau Post Office, c. 1899

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 14
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU CHINA 3

Dates of Use:

  • 16 May 1898 to 6 May 1899

Notes:

  • Introduced in May 1898 to correct spelling to Tsintau from misspelled Tsintan(fort)

  • Replaced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 15
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU a CHINA ◆4

Dates of Use:

  • 1 July 1898 to early May 1899

Notes:

  • Replaced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 16
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU KIAUTSCHOU 5

Dates of Use:

  • 5 May 1899 to 23 December 1899

Notes:

  • Introduced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

  • Retired in December 1899 upon a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 17
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 6

Dates of Use:

  • 4 May 1899 to 5 January 1900

Notes:

  • Introduced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

  • Retired in January 1900 upon a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

Tsingtau Post Office, c. 1904

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 18
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU KIAUTSCHOU 7

Dates of Use:

  • 19 December 1899 to 13 November 1905

Notes:

  • Introduced in December 1899 to reflect a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

  • Also used on Feldpost during the Boxer Rebellion, 4 September 1900 to 31 August 1901

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 19
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU ◆8

Dates of Use:

  • 5 January 1900 to 21 August 1914

Notes:

  • Introduced in January 1900 to reflect a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

  • Without year slug, 1901

  • Distinguished from TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 10a by stem of first ‘T’ pointed at ‘O’ (8) versus at ‘U’ (10a)

  • Dates after 21 August 1914 are philatelic

  • Also used on Feldpost during the Boxer Rebellion, 4 September 1900 to 31 August 1901

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 20
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU b KIAUTSCHOU ◆9

Dates of Use:

  • 1 April 1901 to July 1914

Notes:

  • Provisional year date, 1901

  • Used at Tsingtau-Großer Hafen, 15 January 1910 t0 20 February 1910

  • Also used on Feldpost during the Boxer Rebellion, to 31 August 1901

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 21
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU ◆10

Dates of Use:

  • 1 April 1901

  • 1 December 1905 to 3 January 1906

Notes:

  • Distinguished from TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 8 by stem of first ‘T’ pointed at ‘U’ (10a) versus ‘O’ (8) 

  • ‘a’ removed (10a) in 1906 to avoid confusion with 8

  • Used as reserve canceller

  • Full sheets cancelled 20 December 1904 produced at behest of the Reichspost

Tsingtau Post Office, c. 1912

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 22
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU KIAUTSCHOU ◆10b

Dates of Use:

  • 3 February 1906 to 12 August 1914

Notes:

  • TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 10a with ‘a’ removed to avoid confusion with TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 8

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 23
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU c KIAUTSCHOU ◆11a

Dates of Use:

  • 1 July 1906 to 3 October 1907

Notes:

  • Without hour

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 24
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU c KIAUTSCHOU ◆11b

Dates of Use:

  • October 1907 to 4 November 1914

Notes:

  • With hour

  • Mail cancelled 6 November 1914 didn’t go through mail

PO Information

Opened:  26 January 1898
Closed:  6 November 1914

Album Page(s)

Kiautschou

Tsingtau

PO Information

Opened:  26 January 1898
Closed:  6 November 1914

In November 1897, two German missionaries were murdered by a mob in Shantung Province, China.  In response, German naval forces occupied the port city of Tsingtau, and the German government used the occupation to press the Chinese government for a long-term lease of the port and the surrounding area. In March 1898, Germany and China entered into a 99-year lease under which Germany would control both sides of the entrance to Kiautschou Bay, as well as the islands within. Around this leased territory would be a small neutral zone which would, in effect, also be under German control.

Tsingtau was the principle town of Kiautschou.  The first postal station in Tsingtau was a Naval Feldpost Office which opened 26 January 1898 during the initial German invasion.  The canceller for this station contained a misspelling — Tsintanfor instead of Tsintaufort — due to a printing error in the official records of the telegraph office.

The name used was corrected to Tsintau in March 1898, and then changed to Tsingtau in June 1900 to conform to the local pronunciation.  A total of 13 official cancels were usind in Tsingtau between 1898 and 1914. 

The Tsingtau Post Office closed on 6 November 1914, the day before the final German capitulation to Japanese forces.

Postmark Information

Catalog:

  • Friedemann 12
  • ArGe Kolonien TSINTANFORT MARINE-FELDPOST 1

Dates of Use:

  • 26 January 1898 to 12 March 1898

Notes:

  • Modified [Fr. 13 / ArGe TSINTANFORT 2] following the signing of the formal lease agreement, at which time the Marine-Feldpoststation was converted into a postal agency

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 13
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINTANFORT 2

    Dates of Use:

    • 12 March 1898 to 15 May 1898

    Notes:

    • Modified from Fr. 12 / ArGe TSINTANFORT MARINE-FELDPOST 1 following the signing of the formal lease agreement, at which time the Marine-Feldpoststation was converted into a postal agency

    • Replaced in May 1898 to correct spelling to Tsintau from misspelled Tsintan(fort)

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 14
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU CHINA 3

    Dates of Use:

    • 16 May 1898 to 6 May 1899

    Notes:

    • Introduced in May 1898 to correct spelling to Tsintau from misspelled Tsintan(fort)

    • Replaced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 15
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU a CHINA ◆4

    Dates of Use:

    • 1 July 1898 to early May 1899

    Notes:

    • Replaced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 16
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU KIAUTSCHOU 5

    Dates of Use:

    • 5 May 1899 to 23 December 1899

    Notes:

    • Introduced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

    • Retired in December 1899 upon a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 17
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 6

    Dates of Use:

    • 4 May 1899 to 5 January 1900

    Notes:

    • Introduced in May 1899 when the territory became a protectorate, necessitating a change from CHINA to KIAUTSCHOU

    • Retired in January 1900 upon a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 18
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU KIAUTSCHOU 7

    Dates of Use:

    • 19 December 1899 to 13 November 1905

    Notes:

    • Introduced in December 1899 to reflect a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

    • Also used on Feldpost during the Boxer Rebellion, 4 September 1900 to 31 August 1901

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 19
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU ◆8

    Dates of Use:

    • 5 January 1900 to 21 August 1914

    Notes:

    • Introduced in January 1900 to reflect a change in spelling from Tsintau to Tsingtau

    • Without year slug, 1901

    • Distinguished from TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 10a by stem of first ‘T’ pointed at ‘O’ (8) versus at ‘U’ (10a)

    • Dates after 21 August 1914 are philatelic

    • Also used on Feldpost during the Boxer Rebellion, 4 September 1900 to 31 August 1901

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 20
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU b KIAUTSCHOU ◆9

    Dates of Use:

    • 1 April 1901 to July 1914

    Notes:

    • Provisional year date, 1901

    • Used at Tsingtau-Großer Hafen, 15 January 1910 t0 20 February 1910

    • Also used on Feldpost during the Boxer Rebellion, to 31 August 1901

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 21
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU ◆10

    Dates of Use:

    • 1 April 1901

    • 1 December 1905 to 3 January 1906

    Notes:

    • Distinguished from TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 8 by stem of first ‘T’ pointed at ‘U’ (10a) versus ‘O’ (8)

    • ‘a’ removed (10a) in 1906 to avoid confusion with 8

    • Used as reserve canceller

    • Full sheets cancelled 20 December 1904 produced at behest of the Reichspost

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 22
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU KIAUTSCHOU ◆10b

    Dates of Use:

    • 3 February 1906 to 12 August 1914

    Notes:

    • TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 10a with ‘a’ removed to avoid confusion with TSINGTAU a KIAUTSCHOU 8

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 23
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU c KIAUTSCHOU ◆11a

    Dates of Use:

    • 1 July 1906 to 3 October 1907

    Notes:

    • Without hour

    Postmark Information

    Catalog:

    • Friedemann 24
    • ArGe Kolonien TSINGTAU c KIAUTSCHOU ◆11b

    Dates of Use:

    • October 1907 to 4 November 1914

    Notes:

    • With hour

    • Mail cancelled 6 November 1914 didn’t go through mail

    Album Page(s)