German Southwest Africa

German Colonies

In 1883, German merchant Adolf Lüderitz purchased the Bay of Angra Pequena from the local natives, establishing the first permanent European presence in the area. On 7 August 1884, the German government formally took the colony under its protection, raising the German flag over Angra Pequena, now renamed Lüderitzbucht. Throughout the next several years, the German holdings grew with the signing of agreements with several of the local tribes. By the mid-1890s, Germany controlled much of the territory, and there was a German population of approximately 1,000 settlers.

From the mid-1890s until 1907, the colony saw a series of uprisings, which cause the German military presence to escalate dramatically. By 1907, the German forces had defeated the local rebels, and the colony became self-governing.

Post Offices in German Southwest Africa included:

Abbabis (8 August 1904 – 27 February 1910)
Arahoab (12 December 1908 – March 1915)
Aris (22 September 1907 – May 1915)
Aroab (March 1914 – 26 September 1914)
Aub (6 December 1907 – March 1914)
Aus (13 October 1906 – 1 April 1915)
Barby (19 August 1913 – 31 May 1915)
Bergland (29 March 1914 – 31 March 1915)
Berseba (1 November 1907 – April 1915)
Bethanien (15 July 1899 – April 1915)
Bogenfels (7 March 1914 – 10 September 1914)
Brackwasser (1 January 1907 – 6 April 1915)
Brackwater (1 December 1909 – May 1915)
Cap Cross (10 October 1895 – 20 August 1903)
Chairos (1 August 1912 – June 1915)
Ekuja (5 July 1912 – May 1915)
Empfängnisbucht (10 July 1910 – 10 November 1914)
Epukiro (27 February 1905 – May 1915)
Fahlgras (1 October 1910 – May 1915)
Feldschuhhorn (November 1907 – early 1908)
Gibeon (1 October 1895 – April 1915)
Gobabis (1 August 1898 – 18 May 1915)
Gochaganas (6 December 1907 – 6 August 1909, 10 March 1911 – 13 May 1913)
Gochas (6 November 1904 – October 1904, November 1905 – 31 March 1915)
Grootfontein (17 October 1899 – 6 July 1915)
Gross-Barmen (12 March 1898 – 17 August 1901, 30 November 1907 – early 1914)
Gross-Witvley (1 October 1907 – May 1915)
Gründorn (12 April 1914 – 20 April 1915)
Guchab (1 June 1908 – 29 June 1915)
Haris (18 February 1900 – 1915)
Hasis (renamed Kubas) (6 April 1900 – 31 December 1900)
Hasuur (13 October 1903 – March 1914)
Hatzamas/Hatsamas (1 March 1900 – 1 July 1906, 12 March 1910 – May 1915)
Hoachanas (5 January 1905 – April 1915)
Hohewarte (1 September 1897 – May 1915)
Jakalswater (29 April 1899 – 13 April 1912, early 1915 – March 1915)
Johann-Albrechtshöhe (15 January 1909 – 3 May 1915)
Kalkfeld (September 1907 – June 1915)
Kalkfontein/Kalkfontein Süd (22 May 1906 – April 1915)
Kanus (1 July 1907 – April 1915)
Kapenoussëu (renamed Waldau) (1 October 1901 – 28 February 1903)
Karibib (1 July 1900 – 3 May 1915)
Keetmanshoop (15 October 1895 – 19 April 1915)
Khan (20 October 1908 – August 1914)
Khanrivier (10 August 1898 – 28 April 1899)
Klein-Nauas (1 March 1913 – April 1915)
Koes (12 January 1909 – 3 April 1915)
Kolmannskuppe (21 February 1909 – 10 September 1914)
Kub (December 1904 – 27 April 1915)
Kubas (1 January 1901 – 24 March 1915)
Kubub (16 January 1900 – 12 October 1906)
Kuibis (20 July 1907 – April 1915)
Kuis (1 February 1900 – December 1904)
Lüderitzbucht (12 November 1895 – 19 September 1914)
Maltahöhe (1 October 1899 – 29 April 1915)
Marienthal/Mariental (1 February 1900 – October 1904, 1 December 1910 – 27 April 1915)
Nauchas (1 November 1903 – April 1915)
Neudamm (1 December 1907 – May 1915)
Neuheusis (2 June 1912 – May 1915)
Okahandja (12 August 1895 – 3 May 1915)
Okasise (11 June 1906 – 4 May 1915)
Okatjomboa (9 December 1913 – May 1915)
Okaukwejo (1 January 1908 – June 1915)
Okombahe (20 November 1899 – 20 June 1915)
Okowakuatjiwi (renamed Kalkfeld) (23 January 1907 – August 1907)
Olukonda (5 January 1912 – July 1915)
Omaruru (1 August 1895 – 20 June 1915)
Omitara (20 June 1914 – May 1915)
Onguati (10 June 1907 – April 1909, September 1909 – 30 April 1915)
Osona (27 November 1907 – 6 May 1915)
Otavi (18 October 1899 – early 1904, October 1905 – 30 June 1915)
Otjihawera/Otjihavera (25 November 1907 – 10 May 1915)
Otjiwarongo (20 April 1906 – June 1915)
Otjosazu (1 April 1914 – May 1915)
Otjosondu (1 January 1907 – 17 July 1908)
Otjosonjati (7 October 1907 – 8 May 1915)
Otjundaura (1 October 1913 – May 1915)
Otyimbingue/Otjimbingue (7 July 1888 – November 1891, 1 July 1895 – 30 April 1915)
Outjo (20 February 1898 – 23 June 1915)
Owikokorero (5 July 1904 – 12 September 1906)
Pomonahügel (7 March 1914 – 10 September 1914)
Prinzenbucht (4 October 1909 – 10 march 1914)
Ramansdrift (21 June 1899 – 25 May 1914)
Rehoboth (14 December 1896 – April 1915)
Richthofen (27 November 1907 – 7 February 1910)
Rössing (16 June 1898 – 9 August 1898)
Seeheim (25 April 1908 – April 1915)
Seeis (1 September 1897 – May 1915)
Swakopmund (20 May 1895 – 24 December 1914)
Tsumeb (28 November 1906 – 10 July 1915)
Uhabis (30 January 1896 – 12 October 1897)
Ukamas (11 June 1899 – April 1915)
Usakos (2 November 1904 – 30 April 1915)
Waldau (1 March 1903 – 15 January 1904, 16 February 1905 – 3 May 1915)
Warmbad (2 January 1896 – 30 march 1915)
Waterberg (21 October 1899 – 14 January 1904, 7 November 1904 – 9 May 1907, 12 August 1908 – 22 June 1915)
Wilhelmstal (9 July 1907 – 3 May 1915)
Windhoek/Windhuk (7 December 1891 – 11 May 1915)

As with most of the other German colonies, German Southwest Africa was largely undefendable at the outbreak of World War I. On 9 July 1915, the German colonial force surrendered to South African forces, marking the end of the German presence in the area.

Map of post offices — Google Earth

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dswa_post_offices